Armenian volunteers leaving for Van. Etchmiadzin.
Armenian Diaspora Memory and Innovation collection.
The Defense of Van (1915) was an act of self-defense by the Armenians against the genocide committed by Ottoman Turkey, the Turkish population, the Kurdish people and the German Empire.
The Ottoman army and its military elite were modernized and trained by Germany under Colmar von der Goltz guidance, from 1883 to 1895.