ARF Congress that started Operation Nemesis. It’s the 1920 Boston meeting where Operation Nemesis was born. This is the left side of the picture.
Operation Nemesis was a covert operation from 1920 to 1922 to assassinate the masterminds (Young Turks) of the Turkish Genocide of the Armenians.
Craig Karekin Wallen Private Coll.
The Young Turks are a Pan-Turkist and ultranationalist party. It was established in Thessalonica, with its main newspaper in Paris (“Meshveret” or “La Consultation”).
After the Armenian Genocide, the Young Turks fled to Germany. From 1919 to 1922, the Young Turks were protected by the Weimar Republic and its first President Friedrich Ebert. The Young Turks were funded by various pangermanist circles and Russian bolcheviks as well for Pan-Turkist and Pan-Islamists programs in Asia, North Africa and the Middle-East.
The Young Turks played a central role, with the help of Russian bolcheviks, Italian (for a short time) and German liberal and nationalist circles, in the formation of the new Turkish army and the founding of the new Turkish kemalist Republic in Ankara (Angora) between 1919 and 1923.
Most of the Young Turks were ministers, deputies and journalists under Mustafa Kemal Turkish Republic.